Publications ArchivePublication Category: Research Reports
Analysis of Minimum Marriage Age Laws and Age-Based Sex Offenses in the U.S.
This first-of-its-kind policy memo (2020) analyzes state minimum marriage age laws to determine where marriage can allow for statutory defense to or exception from prosecution for statutory rape and/or other age-based sex offenses in at least 40 states and the District of Columbia.
Summary of Marriage Age Reforms Achieved across the U.S.
Since 2016, 27 U.S. states have enacted legislative reforms to end or limited child marriage and this summary offers a concise look at the impacts of these reforms. Variations in minimum age of marriage, legal emancipation requirements, judicial responsibilities, and allowable age differences between spouses, among other legal limitations, are highlighted to give a complete view of what incremental progress has looked like in those states that have not yet set a bright line age of marriage at 18 without exceptions. This document compliments the Map of Legislative Reforms to give more detailed information on current marriage laws in those 27 states that have initiated reforms.
50 State Map of Legislative Reforms to Limit or End Child Marriage Since 2016
In the U.S., each state has the power to set its own laws on when and how individuals may marry. Thanks to the advocacy of survivors and organizations with leadership from Tahirih, 27 states have passed reforms that seek to limit or end child marriage.
As of August 2021, 23 states and Washington D.C. have yet to pass reforms to their marriage age laws at. This map provides a visual overview of the status of legislative reforms to limit or end child marriage across the U.S. States are color-coded based on what reforms have or have not been passed, showing the movement’s victories as well as the work that remains. This map is a visual compliment to the information found in the Summary of Marriage Age Reforms across the U.S.
Ensuring Equal and Enduring Access to Asylum: Why ‘Gender’ Must be a Protected Ground
To ensure equal and enduring access to asylum for survivors of gender-based violence, the U.S. must join other countries in adding a gender as an independent basis for asylum.
Tahirih’s latest report, “Ensuring Equal and Enduring Access to Asylum,” lays out six arguments for why gender must be a protected ground.
Institutional Injustice: The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Immigration Detention
Institutional Injustice analyzes the ways in which the COVID-19 pandemic affects people jailed by ICE. In particular, this report emphasizes the ways in which existing systems along with ICE’s pandemic response endanger people in detention and facilitate the further spread of the virus.
A System Under Stress: The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on non-detained cases in Immigration Courts
A System Under Stress analyzes the ways in which the COVID-19 pandemic has challenged paths to justice for non-detained immigrants in the immigration court system. In particular, this report emphasizes the ways in which the pandemic has both introduced new barriers and exacerbated old ones, placing increased stress on immigrant communities and significantly decreasing the capacity of direct service providers.
Making Progress, But Still Falling Short: A Report on the Movement to End Child Marriage in America
Making Progress, But Still Falling Short outlines what more needs to be done to end child marriage in America both at the state and federal level. It contains the latest analysis (updated August 26, 2021) on all twenty-seven states that have recently enacted laws to end or limit child marriage, calling out features that make them strong or weak.
For a high-level summary of the nature of all the marriage-age reforms enacted by states since 2016, please click here.
For a map of all the reforms made since 2016, please click here.